According to strict definitions, the word “feminist” first appears in our lexicon in the second or third decade of the 20th century. Thus, the social reform era might be considered the 19th century’s context.
’ Raj Ram Mohan Roy and the other men in this group focused on combating societal ills including child marriage and female infanticide. It was the British who frequently criticized us for our lack of progress. Of course, there are occasions when it is extremely hypocritical because the laws at the time were not favorable to women. However, it was a part of their civilizing endeavor.
Imagine a situation at the end of the 19th century where, on the one hand, there is a national movement urging the British to leave. On the opposing side, some people are circulating petitions.
These nationalists thus informed the reformers that now is not the time to fight for them. However, a more intriguing one added that we require symbols. The uncolonized country’s cultural icons are necessary. The question is, where did they look for one of their most strong cultural symbols? They thus considered the lady, a devout woman at home who was shunned by society and who had not somehow suffered under British rule. Because the woman was pure, she would make a suitable emblem for the new country. The idea of this woman as the representative of Indian culture was quite patriarchal.
Nationalists, for example, have praised child marriage as a good Indian tradition. When women continue to urge the British State to raise the marriage age because they don’t believe it’s a lovely Indian tradition, as these early social reformers, these women did, you can only picture the type of difficult relationship that would develop.
Because of this, the women’s movement will be known as feminism. In terms of what made for this, very interesting, peculiar, and somewhat unique to India kind of relationship between feminism, Indian culture, and the nation, feminism is frequently accused of betraying the nation by not being Indian enough because they thought it was somehow associated with being western, and to be a good Indian woman was to be non-western.
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